Flag of the Iazyges / Western Sarmatian-Alanian Alliance:
The Iazyges, a Sarmatian tribe, settled in Pannonia, north of the Danube, in the 1st Century BCE. These Sarmatians displaced the Dacians in the region and began to become involved in regional politics, supporting Vespasian, who would soon become Emperor of Rome.
92 BCE: The Iazyges ally with the Scytho-Sarmatian Roxolani (ancestors of Russians), the Germanic Suevi, and the Dacians of the Carpathians. A war with Rome breaks out, and the Kvadi and Marcomanns also revolt. The Romans are defeated, despite their leader Domitian claiming victory. Annual tribute is paid to the Dacian Emperor Decebalus to prevent the outbreak of further wars.
69-96 AD: The Kings of the Iazyges are trained in the Imperial Roman Army, as an honour and a tradition. The Romans feared these powerful Sarmatians, disallowing them to send troops to Rome and thinking of the Kings as hostages, in case the Iazyges should revolt. The Romans transfer their legions from the Rhine to the Danube.
1st Century AD: The alliance between the Iazyges (Western Sarmatians) and Dacians is renewed, leading to the construction of Roman fortifcations along the Danube, much of which is difficult to transverse.
101 AD - First Dacian War: The Iazyges are allied to the Dacians of King Decebalus when Romans under Trajan attack. The Dacians are defeated and forced to accept vassal status, but upon Trajan's return to Rome, the Second Dacian War begins.
106 AD - Second Dacian War: The Iazyges are on the side of the Romans when they move into Dacia with the might of eleven legions. Decebalus commits suicide to retain honour rather than become a symbol of Roman victory. The steppe between Transylvania and the Tisia river are left for the Iazyges.
Between 113-117 AD: Dispute between the Iazyges and the Romans over the ownership of Oltenia (Wallachia Minor), which results in a Iazyges-Roman peace treaty after Hadrian invades their territory. The Iazyges capture Banat, part of the peace conditions, as well as one-time tribute from Rome.
117 AD: The Iazyges and Roxolani invade Lower Pannonia and Moesia. The Roxolani are the first to surrender after the offensives, while the Iazyges send an embassy to Rome and agree on conditions to their advantage.
123 AD: The Sarmatians invade Roman-occupied Dacia, which is under Marcius Turbo. Turbo succeeds in counterattacking the Iazyges.
169 AD: Iazyges, Kvads, and Marcommans invade Roman territory. A veteran of the Parthian Wars, Marcus Claudius Fronto. manages to counterattack, but dies in battle a year later. The Kvads surrender and allow the Romans to place the Roman-orientated Furtius onto the Kvadic throne. The Marcommans followed, but the Iazyges did not.
173 AD: The Kvads overthrow Furtius and placed Ariogaesus on their throne. The Iazyges remained undefeated and unchallenged, and so, they launched an attack across the frozen Danube.
174 AD: The Romans of Marcus Aurelius respond. Ariogaesus appears to support the Iazyges, and Marcus Aurelius issues a reward for the capture of the Kvad leader. Upon Ariogaesus' capture, Aurelius exiled him instead of executing him. King Banadaspus of the Iazyges attempts peace with the Romans, but is refused and deposed by the Iazyges.
175 AD: Despite seeming to have an advantage, the Iazyges sued for a peace under Zanticus, with conditions not in their favour.
177 AD: Iazyges with the aid of Germanic tribes invade Roman territory again, but this results in their defeat and the defeat of the Germanic Buri. Further restrictions were placed on the Iazyges, but they were allowed to communicate with the Roxolani through Roman-occupied Dacia. Trading restrictions were also removed.
183 AD: Commodus prevents the Kvadi and the Marcommani from declaring war on the Iazyges, the Vandals, and the Buri. At this time, the Iazyges seem to serve Rome.
4th Century AD: The Iazyges who reside in Pannonia seem to have separated into the Argaragantes and Limigantes, tribes who inhabit the region of the Tisia (Tisza).
472 AD: The King of the Visigoths, Theodoric the Great, kills the co-rulers, Babay and Beuca.
13th Century AD: In the Kingdom of Hungary, people known as the Jász settled along with the Cumans. The Jász are regarded to be a subtribe of Ossetian people from the North Caucasus, much like Iron (who are again split into Kurtats, Alagirs, Tagaurs, Kudars, Tuals, Urstuals, and Chsans), and the Digors. Others compare the Jász to the Iazyges, due to the striking similarity of the ethnonym. Iashi, a city in Romania, is named after the Iazyges.
The legacy of the Iazyges (Western Sarmatians) does not end in Eastern Europe. The aftermath of the defeat in 175 AD resulted in several conditions being imposed on the Iazyges: no Sarmatian was to reside with nine miles (ten Roman miles) of the Danube. The Iazyges also had to provide 8,000 horsemen to the Roman Empire, to serve as foederati (auxillaries), and over 100,000 Roman captives were to be released. The aftermath of this defeat could have been worse by far: it is said Marcus Aurelius intended to annihilate all Iazyges before his attention was drawn to events elsewhere in the Empire. Out of the 8,000, 5,500 were sent to Britannia and Northern Gaul. The inhabitants of Britain, a mass of Celtic peoples, saw that the Roman Empire was preoccupied, and took the opportunity to revolt. The revolt spread to Northern Gaul, where in 184 AD, a contingent of Iazyges, led by Lucius Artorius Castus, rode to crush the rebelling populace. 1,500 Iazyges were present in Italy.
Lucius Artorius Castus serves as historical basis for the legendary Romano-British general and ruler - King Arthur. The Sarmatians are seen as progenitors of the European Knight culture, and their appearance on horseback in heavy bronze, silver, and gold armour gave rise to the Knights of the Round Table. The Round Table itself descends from nomadic traditions that are noticeably practiced by Turkic peoples - the Kurultai. The Alans, of which the Sarmatians descend, as well as a number of Circassian and North Caucasian groups, believe in the Nart Saga, which have striking similarities to the legends of King Arthur and the Iranian sword cult of the steppes. King Arthur and the Sarmatians, who were stationed notably in today's Ribchester, Northern England, rallied the Celtic tribes and Roman remainders in Britain and fought the invading Anglo-Saxons.
Iazyges and Sarmatian influences were seen in the Roman Army. They adopted the Sarmatian standard, known as the 'Draco', as well as lamellar armour, which was favoured by the Sarmatians and other steppe peoples. The Romans made an effort to include horse archers into their army, especially in the East, where they confronted the might of the Sassanian Empire. This flag represents the region in Britain that the Sarmatians inhabited, titled 'Sarmatia Minor' as opposed to 'Sarmatia Major' in Ukraine.